David Maxwell Fyfe, 1st Earl of Kilmuir

Anthropometric z-scores were calculated with Epi Info 3. In he had become King's Counsel , [4] the youngest in years. Maxwell Fyfe endorsed the committee's preference for White, observing to Churchill that an internal appointment would be good for the morale of the service. What is known about this topic? Meanwhile, Maxwell Fyfe's legal career had prospered, largely through his capacity for hard work.


Even children with nutritional rickets resulting from insufficient dietary calcium benefit from vitamin D supplementation in addition to calcium to promote more rapid healing. Limestone can be used as an inexpensive source of calcium in low-income countries. TDT acquired the data and performed the data analysis. All authors interpreted the data and critically revised the manuscript for important intellectual content.

TDT obtained funding, drafted the manuscript and is the guarantor. TDT affirms that the manuscript is an honest, accurate and transparent account of the study being reported; that no important aspects of the study have been omitted and that any discrepancies from the study as planned and registered have been explained. Information on NCRR is available at http: Information on Reengineering the Clinical Research Enterprise can be obtained from http: The study sponsor had no role in study design and the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data and the writing of the article and the decision to submit it for publication.

TDT reports grants from National Center for Research Resources, during the conduct of the study; personal fees from Biomedical Systems, outside the submitted work; no other relationships or activities that could appear to have influenced the submitted work. Provenance and peer review: Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Archives of Disease in Childhood. Published online Apr Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer.

For permission to use where not already granted under a licence please go to http: This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Objective To determine whether children with calcium-deficiency rickets have a better response to treatment with vitamin D and calcium than with calcium alone.

Design Randomised controlled trial. Results The median range age of enrolled children was 46 15— months, and baseline characteristics were similar in the two groups. Conclusions In children with calcium-deficiency rickets, there is a trend for vitamin D to improve the response to treatment with calcium carbonate as limestone, independent of baseline 25 OH D concentrations. Trial registration number ClinicalTrials. What is known about this topic?

Nutritional rickets in most Nigerian children results from inadequate dietary calcium intake and responds to calcium supplementation. What this study adds? Vitamin D in addition to treatment with calcium carbonate as limestone facilitates more rapid healing of rickets in children with calcium-deficiency rickets.

A greater increase in serum 25 OH D concentration over the course of treatment was predictive of successful healing of rickets. Introduction Nutritional rickets in most Nigerian children results from inadequate dietary calcium intake, rather than vitamin D deficiency. Intervention All children were treated with calcium carbonate as powdered limestone. Statistical analysis The primary outcome was the combined attainment of a radiographic score of 1.

Results A total of children presented with leg deformities, and 72 subjects with radiographically active rickets were enrolled between February and November figure 1. Open in a separate window. A comparison of calcium, vitamin D, or both for nutritional rickets in Nigerian children. N Engl J Med ; Early response to vitamin D2 in children with calcium deficiency rickets. J Pediatr ; Comparison of metabolism of vitamins D 2 and D 3 in children with nutritional rickets.

J Bone Miner Res ; Dietary reference intakes for calcium and vitamin D. The National Academies Press, Radiographic scoring method for the assessment of the severity of nutritional rickets. J Trop Pediatr ; Human nutrition in tropical Africa. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, Food composition table for use in Africa.

Agricultural Extension and Research Liaison Services. Soyabeans in the Nigerian diet. Home economics series no. Ahmadu Bello University, Gouws E, Langenhoven ML, editors. NRIND food composition tables. South African Medical Research Council, Methods Mol Biol ; Management of nutritional rickets in Indian children: The effect of vitamin D2 and vitamin D3 on intestinal calcium absorption in Nigerian children with rickets.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; Vitamin D metabolites and calcium absorption in severe vitamin D deficiency. Relationship between serum parathyroid hormone levels, vitamin D sufficiency, and calcium intake.

Vitamin D actions to regulate calcium and skeletal homeostasis. Clin Biochem ; Prevention of nutritional rickets in Nigerian children with dietary calcium supplementation. Bone mineral density in Nigerian children after discontinuation of calcium supplementation. Is restricted randomisation necessary? When the Conservative Party was returned to power in the election, Churchill thought it unwise to appoint him Minister of Labour, and Maxwell Fyfe became both Home Secretary and cabinet minister for Welsh affairs.

He was responsible for guiding several complicated pieces of legislation through the Commons, in particular those that established commercial television. He gained a reputation as a hard-working, thorough and reliable cabinet member. Given this novel responsibility, Maxwell Fyfe issued the Maxwell Fyfe Directive which became the de facto constitution of the Security Service until the Security Service Act set it on a statutory basis.

Maxwell Fyfe endorsed the committee's preference for White, observing to Churchill that an internal appointment would be good for the morale of the service.

Fyfe's assumption of office as Home Secretary heralded a reign of fear for male homosexuals. During his tenure as Home Secretary, he was embroiled in the controversy surrounding the hanging of Derek Bentley. Maxwell Fyfe remained ambitious and a Daily Mirror opinion poll in , on the popular favourite to succeed Churchill as Party leader and prime minister , had him behind Eden and Butler but well ahead of Macmillan.

However, once it was clear that Eden was to be Churchill's successor, he sought the office of Lord Chancellor. In he was raised to the peerage as Viscount Kilmuir , of Creich in the County of Sutherland, and moved to the House of Lords and the " woolsack ". Lord Kilmuir was a political Lord Chancellor, not restricting himself to his judicial role.

He worked on many government issues including the constitution of Malta , which he wanted to become part of the UK, and the creation of the Restrictive Practices Court. In his eight years in the post he only sat as a judge on 24 appeals to the House of Lords. Lord Kilmuir opposed Sydney Silverman 's private member's bill to abolish capital punishment.

He described it as "an unwise and dangerous measure, the presence of which on the statute book would be a disaster for the country and a menace to the people".

However, Kilmuir chaired the cabinet committee that recommended limiting the death penalty's scope and which led to the Homicide Act He feared the consequences of immigration to the United Kingdom and presented a report to the cabinet in Lord Kilmuir contended that the military intervention in the Suez Crisis was justified under the self-defence provisions of Article 51 of the United Nations Charter. A conservative on the death penalty, Kilmuir was likewise conservative on the issue of homosexual rights, and led the opposition in the House of Lords to the implementation of the Wolfenden Committee report, which had recommended the decriminalisation of homosexual acts between consenting adults.

This was ironic, says Geraldine Bedell, since it was he, while Home Secretary, who had set up the committee to consider whether the law should be changed.

Perhaps he assumed Wolfenden would find against, in which case, he chose a curious chairman, because Wolfenden had a gay son, Jeremy. After government, Kilmuir joined the board of directors of Plessey but his health soon declined. He died at Withyham , Sussex , on 27 January and was cremated. His titles, which could pass only to sons, became extinct, as he had fathered only daughters. He married Sylvia Harrison in and they had three daughters, one of whom pre-deceased him.

His brother-in-law was the actor Sir Rex Harrison. Kilmuir was a formidable parliamentary presence on behalf of his party, and his remarkable memory compensated for a dull speaking style, though he was capable of passion when the circumstances were right. In appearance, "His body was pear-shaped, and beneath a large square bald head there were dark heavy eyebrows and a face of middle-eastern pallor and swarthiness".

As Home Secretary, he often travelled to Wales , and in the valleys of South Wales he was nicknamed Dai Bananas , Fyffes being, then as now, one of Britain's major importers of the fruit. Among his honours were: David Maxwell Fyfe has been portrayed by the following actors in film, television and theatre productions; [26]. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from David Maxwell-Fyfe. The Earl of Kilmuir in the Lord Chancellor's robes. Viking, , p.

Archived from the original on 4 October The London Gazette Supplement. Quoted from Gwyn A. Williams, When Was Wales? A History of the Welsh Penguin, p. Archived from the original on Retrieved 20 May Archived from the original on 9 November Retrieved 1 June Archived copy as title link.

Home Secretaries of the United Kingdom. Clarke Howard Straw Blunkett C. Lord Chancellors of Great Britain. List of Lord Chancellors and Lord Keepers. Cabinet of Sir Winston Churchill — Sir Winston Churchill — The Marquess of Salisbury —52 Harry Crookshank —