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Andreas Karla Exner studies Urban Environmental History, History of Food, and Food consumption pattern.

Sustainable development highlights sustainability as the idea of environmental, economic and social progress and equity, all within the limits of the world's natural resources. Living in Germany is an incredible opportunity to rediscover and reinvent yourself, including the romantic side of your life. India Aims to End Poverty by

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Abstract. Microalgae offer great promise to contribute a significant portion of the renewable fuels that will be required by the Renewable Fuels Standard described in the Energy Independence and Security Act of the United States.

In his dissertation on "The significance of the factor Accessibility for the Alpine Regions", he was able to prove that tourism can be an important development factor, especially in peripheral mountain regions.

With this dissertation he was awarded the price for the best dissertation in the field of alpine research at ICAS Switzerland's, Phil. Frieder Voll always transferred the content of his research work to other high-altitude mountain regions. In the Caucasus for example, he led a student project excursion concerned with the effects and implementation problems of sustainable trekking tourism.

Frieder Voll is research project leader for sustainable concepts in regional development in the fields of destination development, visitors and hospitality at the Institute for Tourism and Leisure of the University for applied sciences in Chur, Switzerland.

He is expert for tourism in the context of sustainable regional development in peripheral and park areas for both services and research.

While studying geography and economic sciences at the Friedrich-Alexander University in Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany, Frieder Voll concerned himself with sustainable development in the Alpine and other high-mountain regions of Europe and America. Studien zur Freizeit und Tourismusforschung Band Nachhaltigkeit und Tourismus 25 Jahre nach Rio — und jetzt? Naturnahe Wege als touristische Infrastruktur more.

Viele Wanderwege in alpinen Destinationen werden auch für die Land- und Forstwirtschaft genutzt und entsprechend auch ausgebaut. Die Ergebnisse deuten einen jährlichen Verlust an touristischer Wertschöpfung in Millionenhöhe allein im Testgebiet Arosa-Schanfigg an, wenn zu viele naturnahe Wege ausgebaut werden.

Wertschöpfungseffekte von Schweizer Pärken: Schweizer Pärke verfolgen neben den klassischen Schutzanliegen das Ziel, Natur- und Kul-turgüter schonend in Wert zu setzen und damit eine nachhaltig betriebene regionale Wirtschaft zu fördern. Wichtige Handlungsfelder liegen u. In verschiedenen Regionen gibt es bereits erfolgreiche Bei-spiele für innovative In-Wert-Setzungen von Natur- und Kulturgütern; einschlägige Bemühun-gen wurden in den letzten Jahren vom Bund und den Kantonen kräftig unterstützt.

Ein praxis-tauglicher Ansatz, der es den jeweiligen Akteuren vor Ort z. Als Ergeb-nis dieses Projekts liegt nun mit dem Prototyp Graubünden ein erster Entwurf für ein einfach handhabbares Instrument vor, das von den Trägern von Naturpärken d.

Pärken von natio-naler Bedeutung, inkl. Natur Landschaft Inside 1 , S. Weder Alpenbarock noch Heimatmuseum more. Cultural Landscapes , Agricultural landscapes , and Hiking. Schliessen von Baulücken erfordert Augenmass more.

Urban Spatial Development and Urban Sprawl. Political-Economic Transition in Georgia and its implications for tourism in Svaneti more. Private tourism entrepreneurship relies on special knowledge of the service sector with a strong focus on individual action and a general service mentality. The organization and regulation of tourism in post-socialist European countries The organization and regulation of tourism in post-socialist European countries experienced a shift from being state-driven to being determined by individual entrepreneurs.

Yet in some cases, the adoption of the new entrepreneurial business principles is contested by different cultural understandings of how tourism should be 'produced'. With examples from the Caucasus Mountains in Georgia Svaneti we will demonstrate that these different understandings can play a major role in creating barriers for developing community-based tourism. Shortly after the transition to the market economy, a number of different small-scale, community-based tourism projects emerged, with individual entrepreneurship contesting the traditional values of hospitality in these regions predominantly based on religious and 'tribal' values and norms rather than purely on entrepreneurial values.

The methods used for this preliminary study of post-socialist tourism development included a short-term, mobile ethnography consisting of semi-structured interviews of tourism producers in the region, participant observation, as well as mapping occupancy of buildings according to unoccupied, agriculture and agritourism and second homes categories based on the condition of the gardens.

Further changes in the political-economic framework have now shifted the focus towards larger-scale tourism developments supported by public-private partnerships. This paper analyses the impacts of these political-economic changes on the development of community-based tourism in Svaneti and explores in particular the friction between collective traditions and individual entrepreneurship in the experience economy of transition countries and its relationship with regional economic growth and rural depopulation.

TIMS Acta 9 2: Erreichbarkeiten im Alpenraum und mögliche Auswirkungen eines postfossilen Tourismus more. Accessibility is an important aspect for regional development in the European Alps. Based on a theoretical understanding of the multiple crises and the effects of peak oil and othe Constructing landscapes of value: Capitalist investment for the acquisition of marginal or unused land—The case of Tanzania more.

Politti , and L. Verfügbarkeitsgrenzen bei Metallen — neue Verteilungsfragen in einer Perspektive globaler Zustimmungsfähigkeit more. Measuring regional resilience towards fossil fuel supply constraints. Adaptability and vulnerability in socio-ecological Transformations-the case of Austria more.

Mean resilience of Austrian municipalities towards peak oil is moderate. The difference between resilience values of municipalities is small. Significant differences in resilience between spatial types exist. Higher resilience is displayed by less urbanized types.

Policies should target resilience components with the lowest values first. Recently, it gained importance in discussions about the possible peak in oil production peak oil and its consequences, which might affect economic performance, social well-being and political stability, and thus also the energy transition to a low-carbon economy.

The paper presents a new way of measuring resilience as absolute resilience related to a best practice-model of a resilient society. The resilience model is grounded in explicit theoretical assumptions. All indicators are justified by theoretical and empirical arguments. We present a case study of Austrian municipalities and broader-scale spatial types, which were defined according to their degree of urbanization. The mean resilience of Austrian municipalities is moderate, the difference between resilience values of municipalities is small.

Significant differences between spatial types exist. Higher resilience is displayed by less urbanized types due to a higher share of agricultural activities and a more favorable level of GDP per capita.

Austria has considerable latitude to improve resilience. Corresponding policies should target resilience components. Context-dependence of diagnostic species: A case study of the central european spruce forests more. Handlungsempfehlungen für eine Entkoppelung des österreichischen Produktionssystems von fossilen Inputs. Die neue Landnahme an den Grenzen des fossilen Energieregimes. Tendenzen, Akteure und Konflikte am Beispiel Tansanias more. Land grabbing at the frontiers of the fossil energy regime.

Tendencies, agents and conflicts in the case of Tansania. Implicitely, an agrarian transition is assumed. While in the 19th century, the periphery provided cheap food for the center, fossil fuels led to a reverse after WWII. Reaching the frontiers of the fossil energy regime, agriculture at the periphery now should produce biomass for energy and materials and export staple food stuffs. Thus, direct access to land becomes crucial again.

However, the peaking of fossil fuels puts the new agro-regime in question since those are vital to industrial food production, and after peak oil, capital growth and consumer demand are likely to come und Operationalisierung der regionalen Verwundbarkeit der Energiewende. Konzeptionalisierung der Verwundbarkeit und Operationalisierung des flächendeckenden Resilienzkonzepts more.

Distribution and Regulation in a Degrowth Perspective more. Human Geography and Antipode. Picea abies andAbies alba forests of the austrian alps: Numerical classification and ordination more. Plant Biology and Picea abies. In the phytosociological literature, there are numerous different approaches to the designation of diagnostic species. Frequently, this results in discrepancies between the lists of diagnostic species published for one and the same Frequently, this results in discrepancies between the lists of diagnostic species published for one and the same community.

We examined different approaches to determining diagnostic species using as an examplePicea abies forests within the broader context of all Central European forests. Phi coefficient of association was used to measure species fidelity, and species with the highest fidelities were considered as diagnostic. Diagnostic species were determined in four ways, including A comparison of spruce forests among the three mountain ranges, B comparison between spruce forests and other forests, performed separately in each of the mountain ranges, C simultaneous comparison of spruce forests of each of the mountain ranges with spruce forests of the other two ranges and with the other forests of all ranges, D comparison of spruce forests with the other forests, using pooled data sets from the three mountain ranges.

The sets of diagnostic species of spruce forests yielded in comparisons A and B were sharply different; the set resulting from comparison C was intermediate between the first two and comparison D resulted in similar diagnostic species as comparison B.

In comparison A, spruce forests of the Eastern Alps had a number of diagnostic species, while the spruce forests of the other two mountain ranges had only few diagnostic species. In comparison B, by contrast, the number and quality of diagnostic species decreased from the Bohemian Massif to the Eastern Alps. This exercise points out that lists of diagnostic species published in phytosociological literature are dependent on the context, i.

The thoughtless application of published lists of diagnostic species outside of the context for which they were intended should therefore be avoided.

Political Science and Applied Economics. Social Innovations for Economic Degrowth more. At the beginning of the twenty-first century, we find ourselves in a peculiar situation: Having acknowledged that we need to reduce consumption of energy and materials drastically, 1, 2 we still often think that adjustments within the current system of production and consumption will accomplish this formidable task.

Die Grenzen des Kapitalismus more. Ueberreuter, Wien Publication Date: Wie wir am Wachstum scheitern. Between neoliberal urban development and city making from below.

Zwischen neoliberaler Stadtentwicklung und Stadtgestaltung von unten]. Geld ist das Problem German Demonetize English more. Die Zielperspektive der Demonetarisierung besteht darin, uns von Geldverhältnissen zu befreien: Dies ist nur möglich durch bewusste und partizipative Formen der Kooperation. Es handelt sich dabei um Produkte einer Gesellschaft und nicht um unabänderliche Tatsachen.

Verabschieden wir uns von Geldverhältnissen, so gibt es fraglos eine Reihe von Ansätzen, aus denen wir wählen können, um Ressourcen zu teilen, Arbeiten zu planen, Produkte zu verteilen und Entscheidungen zu treffen.

Die Visionen einer geldfreien Gesellschaft sind vielfältig. Political Economy , Sociology of Money , and Money. Remember me on this computer. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. Click here to sign up.